Andrey Kalachinsky, Cand. Sc. (History), IHAE FEB RAS.
The paper considers the creation in 1992 of the magazine “Russia and the Pacific”, and its emergence as a leading scientific periodical on the problems of the development of Pacific Russia and Asia-Pacific countries. Its role in highlighting the unknown pages of history is reviewed. The importance of the journal in the liberation of historical science from politically determined dogma of the Soviet era is shown.
Key words: “Russia and the Pacific”, historiography, battle of Lake Khasan, John Stephan, Genrikh Lyushkov.
YEAR OF RUSSIAN HISTORY
V.L. Larin, L.L. Larina. External influence and foreign presence in the Pacific Russia in perception of its inhabitants (according to the survey of public opinion)
Victor Larin, Dr. Sc. (History), Professor, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Lilia Larina, Cand. Sc. (History), Senior Researcher, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article continues a series of “Russia and the Pacific” publications devoted to the public opinion study in the Russian Far East. This time the opinion poll conducted in Primorskiy kray and Khabarovsk in July — September of 2012 has became the source base of the study. The authors focus on the respondents views on the value and impact of external factors on the lives of Pacific Russia, the attitude to foreign presence, the perception of external calls.
Key words: public opinion, security, foreign policy, Russia, Asia-Pacific, the Far East.
Ludmila Gallyamova, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article analyzes historic experience of exploring the Far East by Russia through the Russian government’s policy in the Pacific. The author is substantiating a conclusion on the key role of the government support of the process of exploring the region in each historic period. Attention is ac-cented on the meaning of the Far East as a region that provides a geostrategic reserve of strength to the government and as powerful resource base for the Russian economy. The article emphasizes the strong need of the government intervention into the current situation in the Far East with a goal of defining Russia’s destiny as a Pacific power.
Key words: Russia, USSR, Far East, government policy, Pacific, historic experience of exploitation, role of the government, the meaning of the Far Eastern region for Russia.
S.N. Lyapustin. Fight of the regional authorities of the Amur General-gouvernement against smuggling of biological resources (late XIX — early XX century)
Sergey Lyapustin, Cand. Sc. (History), Vladivostok branch of the Russian customs academy.
The article considers the history of the development and research of the Far East of Russia, the search of ways of protection of domestic natural resources, the role and importance of regional au-thorities of the Amur of the General-gouvernement in the fight against foreign poaching and smug-gling of species. The author first introduces into scientific circulation of the previously unknown archival materials.
Key words: Russian Far East, Amur General-governorship, smuggling of biological resources, foreign poaching..
Vitaliy Zelyak, Cand. Sc. (History), Assistant professor, Northeastern State University, Magadan.
The author of the article analyzes goldmining dynamics in Magadan’s Council of National Economy (sovnarhoz) during 1957—1962 years. Sovnarhoz had achieved of increasing in extraction of currency metal due to exploitation new placer deposits of Chukotka and Kolyma. In many respects it was possible to overcome heavy heritage of Dalstroy. However it was not possible well to resolve a number of acute problems for the sovnarhoz.
Key words: goldmining, Magadanskiy sovnarhoz, Chukotka, prospectors.
Vadim Turaev, Cand. Sc. (History), leading researcher of the Department of Ethnography, Ethnology and Anthropology, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article considers the peculiarities of colonization processes in the Russian Far East in XVII—XIX centuries. Analyzed are the objective reasons for its weak Ho-economic development, shows the mechanisms of the Russian ethnic cultural growing in the region: the impact of the Russian Or-thodox Church, the presence of aboriginal by the municipality of how real internal autonomy, the preservation of the customary law of indigenous peoples as an integral part of the Russian legal field, tolerant installation in interethnic cal relations inherent Russian man.
Key words: colonization, seasonal work as a form of colonization, the political significance as a key meaning region.
90th ANNIVERSARY OF THE END OF CIVIL WAR AND INTERVENTION IN THE FAR EAST
Yuriy Tarasov, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
In the article the queschen impact of the partisan’s movement in the Far East of Russia on the result of all civil war in the Russian is scrutinized. There is the big role of the partisans of the Far East in victory the Soviet republic over the Denikin’s and Kolchak’s armys revealed there.
Key words: The Fast East, partisan’s movement, the East front, mobilization failure.
Oleg Shinin, Dr. Sc. (History), Moscow.
The article on extensive archival material covers the period of power of the bourgeois Provisional Amur government, shows the organization of the agent network of Department of intelligence of Primorskaya oblast, its failures and successes.
Key words: Provisional government, FER, partisan movement, party and military intelligence.
Y.N. Tsipkin. Conspiracy of Gen. S.N. Voitsekhovsky against Semenov and the crisis of the White regime in the Far East in 1920
Yuriy Tsipkin, Dr. Sc. (History), Far Eastern State University of Human Studies, Khabarovsk.
Defeat Kolchack’s troops in 1920 has sharply raised the question armies about destiny of White movement. The rests Kolchack’s armies led by general S.N. Voitsekhovsky, comes for Baikal to ataman Semyonov, have decided to displace the last for its Projapanese orientation and terror. And its generals considered as S.N. Voitsekhovsky’s overall objective the organization the bourgeois-democratic buffer state to reanimate White movement and to continue struggle against Bolsheviks. Plot is not has gone right, but it has reflected all depth of crisis in a camp of opponents of the Soviet power.
Key words: White movement, crisis, split, plot, alternative, terror, interventionists, the buffer state.
O.B. Lynsha. Nikolsk-Ussuriysk technical high school during the Revolution and the Civil War (1917—1922)
Olga Lynsha, Cand. Sc. (History), School of pedagogics, Far Eastern Federal University, Ussuriysk.
The article deals with the history of the Nikolsk-Ussuriysk technical high school in the time of the revolution and civil war in the Primorie in 1917—1922. Describing the Nikolsk-Ussuriysk technical high school the author shows the difficulties which the pedagogical cadres met in the time of the revolution and civil war.
Key words: technical high school, civil war, Primorye, pedagogical cadres, the Law of God, tuition fees, mobili-zation.
V.A. Gaikin. Japanese intervention in the Far East of Russia (1918—1922), and fighting against the Japanese in Manchuria
Victor Gaikin, Cand. Sc (History), senior researcher of Dept. of Oriental studies, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS.
The emergence on the political map of the world Soviet Russia was for colonized state example of successful political transformation. Korean nationalists, in Manchuria, seeking release of Korea from colonial oppression of Japan seen in Russia, struggling with the Japanese intervention in the far East the natural ally.
Key words: Japanese intervention, the Far East, Korean guerrillas, Manchuria.
N.M. Markdorf. Peculiarities of the repatriation of Japanese prisoners of war from Western Siberia (1946—1949)
Natalia Markdorf, Cand. Sc. (History), the Department of management of social issues in the Kemerovo state university of culture and the arts.
In this paper the reasons, process, results and significance of Japanese prisoners of war repatriation in 1946—1948 are considered. The author concludes that the repatriation of Japanese prisoners was one of the massive actions in Siberia as a whole was successful and helped to improve the quality of West Siberian labor fund at camps, reducing the cost of restoration of ability to work and manage-ment, contributed to preserve a certain stability of the camps’ economic, thus improving profitability of production camps.
Key words: repatriation, Japanese prisoners of war, Western Siberia, the labor fund, a camp for prisoners of war, World War II.
I.A. Konoreva, I.N. Selivanov. Soviet ideological support for the supporters of Ho Chi Minh in the First Indochina War
Irina Konoreva, Dr. Sc. (History), dean of the Faculty of History of the Kursk State University, Kursk.
Igor Selivanov, Dr. Sc. (History), head of World History dept., Kursk State University, Kursk.
In the article on the basis of archival material considered Soviet ideological assistance to the Demo-cratic Republic of Viet Nam after its official the recognition of the USSR and until his death I. Sta-lin and joining the premier party post N. Khrushchev.
Key words: Soviet assistance to Viet Nam, the first Indochina war, methods advocacy in the USSR for foreign countries.
O.V. Kiryanov. The growth of Chinese economic influence on North Korea: is there any reason for Seoul to worry?
Oleg Kiriyanov, Russian national newspaper “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”, correspondent.
After the period of some deterioration the cooperation between Chinese People’s Republic and the DPRK in the economic and trade field since 2000 quickly started to regain its previous scale and activity. By the end of the first decade of the XXI century China has become the main trade partner of North Korea as well as the biggest investor in the economy of the DPRK. This situation caused serious concern among many South Korean experts, politicians and became a hot topic of discussion in the mass-media. They worry that North Korea because of its excessive dependence in economy on China may lose freedom of action in the field of politics and this may hinder future prospects of the unification of the Korean peninsula. The worries of South Korea appear to be partly justified though seriously exaggerated. However due to a number of reasons DPRK has no other choice but keep intensifying its cooperation with China. The passive position of Seoul and absence of serious prospects for appearing any other country which may could serve a counterbalance to Chinese influence allow us to predict that the economic dependence of DPRK on China will continue to grow in the near future.
Key words: PRC, DPRK, China, North Korea, trade and economic ties, cooperation, investment, trade volume, dependence, Chinese-North Korean relations.
REGIONAL HOT SPOTS
Vu Zyong Phuan, Cand. Sc. (History), Vietnamese Consulate General in Vladivostok.
The Eastern Sea has had this name for a long time but the world calls it the South China Sea. It has an important strategic location, rich in natural resources not only for the countries of the South East Asia, first of all Vietnam, but also for all the countries in the region. There was and there is a con-flict for the sovereign rights to Parasel Islands and Spratly Islands, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf between five countries and six parties which are Vietnam, China, Philippines, Ma-laysia, Brunei and Taiwan. Demands of all parties are very different. This conflict is extremely complicated and cannot be easily solved.
Key words: the Eastern Sea, conflict, territory, Parasel Islands, Spratly Islands, strategic location, Vietnam, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan.
N.V. Kotlyar, S.S. Khodova. Conflictual interaction in the Asia-Pacific: the territorial disputes in 2010—2012
Nadezhda Kotlyar, Cand. Sc. (History), Dept. of world economy and economic theory, Vladivostok State University of Economy and Services.
Sophiya Khodova, Cand. Sc. (History), Dept. of world economy and economic theory, Vladivostok State University of Economy and Services.
The conflict interaction of the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and the escalation of the territori-al disputes around the Islands of Senkaku archipelago, Spratley, Southern Kuril Islands are consi-dered on the basis of the diplomatic statements and estimates of the mass media, forming a General background of opposite opinions in relation to the most active in the moment of action around the island. Geopolitical cut strategy of the Pacific «land area» — Russia and China are considered in chronological order and covers the period 2010—2012.
Key words: the Asia-Pacific region, the South China sea, territorial disputes, Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, Spratley archipelago, Kuril Islands.
Maxim Stoyakin, Master in Arts at Korea University (Archaeology and Art department), South Korea.
There are many Parhae’s castles located in North East China and North Korea, unknown for Russian scientists. It was researched some characteristics of Parhae’s castle’s architecture, such as the location, form, size, function, structure of castles, defense’s works. We can divide them on 5 types of Parhae’s castle with different functions, based on previous characteristics. Additionally, it was observed conceivable cultural traditions (mohe, Koguryo, China (Tan)), were influenced on Parhae castle’s architecture (construction).
Key words: Parhae, Koguryo, Tang, Liao, Jin Dynasty, mohe, castle, North East China, DPRK.
E.A. Bessonova, A.L. Ivliev, N.A. Klyuev, S.A. Zverev. Internal arrangement of Koksharovka-1 ancient town and its changes under the influence of the natural environment
Elena Bessonova, Dr. Sc. (Geology & Mineralogy), Pacific Institute of Oceanology, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Alexander Ivliev, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Nikolai Kluyev, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Sergei Zverev, researcher, Pacific Institute of Oceanology, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
An assessment of engineering-geological and hydro-geological features of the territory in the time of construction and existence of Koksharovka-1 ancient town is made basing on geoarchaeological researches of the site. The natural materials used for construction are investigated, places of their production and transportation ways are revealed. The assessment of anthropogenous changes of magnetic properties of the geological environment is executed. The internal lay-out of the settlement is restored, its changes are traced and it is shown that some significant stages of the existence of Koksharovka-1 ancient town are inseparably linked with the environment changes which we call natural disasters.
Key words: geoarcheology, medieval ancient town.
V.V. Sovasteev. So who was the first professional Japanologist in Russia?
V.G. Makarenko. 80 years of military intelligence in PF
S.Y. Vradiy. IV International Conference “The mutual historical and cultural influence and the perception of Russia and Korea at this stage”
L.I. Gallyamova. Third Forum on Northeast Asia. Does Russia need the Far East?