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#42012
CONTENTS

Andrey Kalachinsky, Cand. Sc. (History), IHAE FEB RAS.
The paper considers the creation in 1992 of the magazine Russia and the Pacific, and its emergence as a leading scientific periodical on the problems of the development of Pacific Russia and Asia-Pacific countries. Its role in highlighting the unknown pages of history is reviewed. The importance of the journal in the liberation of historical science from politically determined dogma of the Soviet era is shown.
Key words: Russia and the Pacific, historiography, battle of Lake Khasan, John Stephan, Genrikh Lyushkov.

YEAR OF RUSSIAN HISTORY
Victor Larin, Dr. Sc. (History), Professor, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Lilia Larina, Cand. Sc. (History), Senior Researcher, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article continues a series of Russia and the Pacific publications devoted to the public opinion study in the Russian Far East. This time the opinion poll conducted in Primorskiy kray and Khabarovsk in July September of 2012 has became the source base of the study. The authors focus on the respondents views on the value and impact of external factors on the lives of Pacific Russia, the attitude to foreign presence, the perception of external calls.
Key words: public opinion, security, foreign policy, Russia, Asia-Pacific, the Far East.
Ludmila Gallyamova, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article analyzes historic experience of exploring the Far East by Russia through the Russian governments policy in the Pacific. The author is substantiating a conclusion on the key role of the government support of the process of exploring the region in each historic period. Attention is ac-cented on the meaning of the Far East as a region that provides a geostrategic reserve of strength to the government and as powerful resource base for the Russian economy. The article emphasizes the strong need of the government intervention into the current situation in the Far East with a goal of defining Russias destiny as a Pacific power.
Key words: Russia, USSR, Far East, government policy, Pacific, historic experience of exploitation, role of the government, the meaning of the Far Eastern region for Russia.
Sergey Lyapustin, Cand. Sc. (History), Vladivostok branch of the Russian customs academy.
The article considers the history of the development and research of the Far East of Russia, the search of ways of protection of domestic natural resources, the role and importance of regional au-thorities of the Amur of the General-gouvernement in the fight against foreign poaching and smug-gling of species. The author first introduces into scientific circulation of the previously unknown archival materials.
Key words: Russian Far East, Amur General-governorship, smuggling of biological resources, foreign poaching..
Vitaliy Zelyak, Cand. Sc. (History), Assistant professor, Northeastern State University, Magadan.
The author of the article analyzes goldmining dynamics in Magadans Council of National Economy (sovnarhoz) during 19571962 years. Sovnarhoz had achieved of increasing in extraction of currency metal due to exploitation new placer deposits of Chukotka and Kolyma. In many respects it was possible to overcome heavy heritage of Dalstroy. However it was not possible well to resolve a number of acute problems for the sovnarhoz.
Key words: goldmining, Magadanskiy sovnarhoz, Chukotka, prospectors.
Vadim Turaev, Cand. Sc. (History), leading researcher of the Department of Ethnography, Ethnology and Anthropology, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article considers the peculiarities of colonization processes in the Russian Far East in XVIIXIX centuries. Analyzed are the objective reasons for its weak Ho-economic development, shows the mechanisms of the Russian ethnic cultural growing in the region: the impact of the Russian Or-thodox Church, the presence of aboriginal by the municipality of how real internal autonomy, the preservation of the customary law of indigenous peoples as an integral part of the Russian legal field, tolerant installation in interethnic cal relations inherent Russian man.
Key words: colonization, seasonal work as a form of colonization, the political significance as a key meaning region.

90th ANNIVERSARY OF THE END OF CIVIL WAR AND INTERVENTION IN THE FAR EAST
Yuriy Tarasov, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
In the article the queschen impact of the partisans movement in the Far East of Russia on the result of all civil war in the Russian is scrutinized. There is the big role of the partisans of the Far East in victory the Soviet republic over the Denikins and Kolchaks armys revealed there.
Key words: The Fast East, partisans movement, the East front, mobilization failure.
Oleg Shinin, Dr. Sc. (History), Moscow.
The article on extensive archival material covers the period of power of the bourgeois Provisional Amur government, shows the organization of the agent network of Department of intelligence of Primorskaya oblast, its failures and successes.
Key words: Provisional government, FER, partisan movement, party and military intelligence.
Yuriy Tsipkin, Dr. Sc. (History), Far Eastern State University of Human Studies, Khabarovsk.
Defeat Kolchacks troops in 1920 has sharply raised the question armies about destiny of White movement. The rests Kolchacks armies led by general S.N. Voitsekhovsky, comes for Baikal to ataman Semyonov, have decided to displace the last for its Projapanese orientation and terror. And its generals considered as S.N. Voitsekhovskys overall objective the organization the bourgeois-democratic buffer state to reanimate White movement and to continue struggle against Bolsheviks. Plot is not has gone right, but it has reflected all depth of crisis in a camp of opponents of the Soviet power.
Key words: White movement, crisis, split, plot, alternative, terror, interventionists, the buffer state.
Olga Lynsha, Cand. Sc. (History), School of pedagogics, Far Eastern Federal University, Ussuriysk.
The article deals with the history of the Nikolsk-Ussuriysk technical high school in the time of the revolution and civil war in the Primorie in 19171922. Describing the Nikolsk-Ussuriysk technical high school the author shows the difficulties which the pedagogical cadres met in the time of the revolution and civil war.
Key words: technical high school, civil war, Primorye, pedagogical cadres, the Law of God, tuition fees, mobili-zation.
Victor Gaikin, Cand. Sc (History), senior researcher of Dept. of Oriental studies, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS.
The emergence on the political map of the world Soviet Russia was for colonized state example of successful political transformation. Korean nationalists, in Manchuria, seeking release of Korea from colonial oppression of Japan seen in Russia, struggling with the Japanese intervention in the far East the natural ally.
Key words: Japanese intervention, the Far East, Korean guerrillas, Manchuria.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Natalia Markdorf, Cand. Sc. (History), the Department of management of social issues in the Kemerovo state university of culture and the arts.
In this paper the reasons, process, results and significance of Japanese prisoners of war repatriation in 19461948 are considered. The author concludes that the repatriation of Japanese prisoners was one of the massive actions in Siberia as a whole was successful and helped to improve the quality of West Siberian labor fund at camps, reducing the cost of restoration of ability to work and manage-ment, contributed to preserve a certain stability of the camps economic, thus improving profitability of production camps.
Key words: repatriation, Japanese prisoners of war, Western Siberia, the labor fund, a camp for prisoners of war, World War II.
Irina Konoreva, Dr. Sc. (History), dean of the Faculty of History of the Kursk State University, Kursk.
Igor Selivanov, Dr. Sc. (History), head of World History dept., Kursk State University, Kursk.
In the article on the basis of archival material considered Soviet ideological assistance to the Demo-cratic Republic of Viet Nam after its official the recognition of the USSR and until his death I. Sta-lin and joining the premier party post N. Khrushchev.
Key words: Soviet assistance to Viet Nam, the first Indochina war, methods advocacy in the USSR for foreign countries.
Oleg Kiriyanov, Russian national newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta, correspondent.
After the period of some deterioration the cooperation between Chinese Peoples Republic and the DPRK in the economic and trade field since 2000 quickly started to regain its previous scale and activity. By the end of the first decade of the XXI century China has become the main trade partner of North Korea as well as the biggest investor in the economy of the DPRK. This situation caused serious concern among many South Korean experts, politicians and became a hot topic of discussion in the mass-media. They worry that North Korea because of its excessive dependence in economy on China may lose freedom of action in the field of politics and this may hinder future prospects of the unification of the Korean peninsula. The worries of South Korea appear to be partly justified though seriously exaggerated. However due to a number of reasons DPRK has no other choice but keep intensifying its cooperation with China. The passive position of Seoul and absence of serious prospects for appearing any other country which may could serve a counterbalance to Chinese influence allow us to predict that the economic dependence of DPRK on China will continue to grow in the near future.
Key words: PRC, DPRK, China, North Korea, trade and economic ties, cooperation, investment, trade volume, dependence, Chinese-North Korean relations.

REGIONAL HOT SPOTS
Vu Zyong Phuan, Cand. Sc. (History), Vietnamese Consulate General in Vladivostok.
The Eastern Sea has had this name for a long time but the world calls it the South China Sea. It has an important strategic location, rich in natural resources not only for the countries of the South East Asia, first of all Vietnam, but also for all the countries in the region. There was and there is a con-flict for the sovereign rights to Parasel Islands and Spratly Islands, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf between five countries and six parties which are Vietnam, China, Philippines, Ma-laysia, Brunei and Taiwan. Demands of all parties are very different. This conflict is extremely complicated and cannot be easily solved.
Key words: the Eastern Sea, conflict, territory, Parasel Islands, Spratly Islands, strategic location, Vietnam, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan.
Nadezhda Kotlyar, Cand. Sc. (History), Dept. of world economy and economic theory, Vladivostok State University of Economy and Services.
Sophiya Khodova, Cand. Sc. (History), Dept. of world economy and economic theory, Vladivostok State University of Economy and Services.
The conflict interaction of the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and the escalation of the territori-al disputes around the Islands of Senkaku archipelago, Spratley, Southern Kuril Islands are consi-dered on the basis of the diplomatic statements and estimates of the mass media, forming a General background of opposite opinions in relation to the most active in the moment of action around the island. Geopolitical cut strategy of the Pacific land area Russia and China are considered in chronological order and covers the period 20102012.
Key words: the Asia-Pacific region, the South China sea, territorial disputes, Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, Spratley archipelago, Kuril Islands.

ARCHAEOLOGY
Maxim Stoyakin, Master in Arts at Korea University (Archaeology and Art department), South Korea.
There are many Parhaes castles located in North East China and North Korea, unknown for Russian scientists. It was researched some characteristics of Parhaes castles architecture, such as the location, form, size, function, structure of castles, defenses works. We can divide them on 5 types of Parhaes castle with different functions, based on previous characteristics. Additionally, it was observed conceivable cultural traditions (mohe, Koguryo, China (Tan)), were influenced on Parhae castles architecture (construction).
Key words: Parhae, Koguryo, Tang, Liao, Jin Dynasty, mohe, castle, North East China, DPRK.
Elena Bessonova, Dr. Sc. (Geology & Mineralogy), Pacific Institute of Oceanology, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Alexander Ivliev, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Nikolai Kluyev, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Sergei Zverev, researcher, Pacific Institute of Oceanology, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
An assessment of engineering-geological and hydro-geological features of the territory in the time of construction and existence of Koksharovka-1 ancient town is made basing on geoarchaeological researches of the site. The natural materials used for construction are investigated, places of their production and transportation ways are revealed. The assessment of anthropogenous changes of magnetic properties of the geological environment is executed. The internal lay-out of the settlement is restored, its changes are traced and it is shown that some significant stages of the existence of Koksharovka-1 ancient town are inseparably linked with the environment changes which we call natural disasters.
Key words: geoarcheology, medieval ancient town.

HISTORIOGRAPHICAL NOTES
V.V. Sovasteev. So who was the first professional Japanologist in Russia?

REVIEWS
V.G. Makarenko. 80 years of military intelligence in PF

SCIENCE NEWS
S.Y. Vradiy. IV International Conference The mutual historical and cultural influence and the perception of Russia and Korea at this stage
L.I. Gallyamova. Third Forum on Northeast Asia. Does Russia need the Far East?

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