HISTORY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Yu.I. Din. The Korean diaspora in Sakhalin region: contradictions among the groups and the collision of identities
Yuliya Din, postgraduate student of Sakhalin State University, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
The formation of modern Korean diaspora in Sakhalin region occurred in the environment of amalgamation of different groups of the Koreans with each of these having a distinct identity. The purpose of this article is to explore one of the main problems of the Koreans' life in Sakhalin: relationships within Sakhalin Korean community that were oppressed because of rivalry, conflicts and personal dislike. Comprehension of the substance and details of the problem being studied is the key to its solution.
Key words: the Korean diaspora, Sakhalin, identity, daily life, relationships.
Galina Titoreva, Cand. Sc. (Art criticism), Head of the Ethnography Department in Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N. Grodekov, Khabarovsk.
The article highlights the story of one of the large dynasties of priests which has been serving in the churches of the Sea of Okhotsk region for two centuries. The author reconstitutes the biography of most members of the family Chernykh on the basis of archival documents and introduces the little known archival materials into the science.
Key words: Orthodoxy, the churches of the Sea of Okhotsk region, the dynasties of priests, Christianization of indigenous population of the North.
I.V. Pchela. “In memory of themselves they left only the school and a pear orchard…” (the history of “Borsukovaya school” of the settlement Chernyshevka)
Inna Pchela, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Associate professor of the History Education Department, Ussuriysk branch of the Far Eastern Federal University, Ussuriysk.
The article narrates about the tragedy of a settlement in the Primorsky region in the period of collectivization which formed a "new kind of school". The author describes the history of opening and everyday problems of "Borsukovaya school" of the settlement Chernyshevka in the mid-1930s.
Key words: collectivization, the Soviet school, the unified labor school.
A.S. Veremeichik. Regulation of internal migration in China (on the case of the North-eastern region)
Andrei Veremeichik, junior academic researcher at the Department of Chinese Studies of the Institute of History, Archaeology and ethnography of the peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
The article deals with the process of regulation of internal migration in China on the case of the North-eastern region. The analysis of relevant central and local legal documents reveals the basic principles and directions of the authorities on the impact of migration in the region.
Key words: regulation of migration, internal migration, China, Northeast China.
Boris Afonin, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher at the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
This article analyzes the major political events that occurred in Japan in 2013: the results of the elections to the upper house of parliament, the socio-economic situation, the ruling party's efforts to revise the constitution. All of them, according to the author, provide a solid position of the Liberal Democratic Party.
Key words: Parliamentary elections, the upper and lower houses of parliament, political parties, the cabinet, the socio-economic situation, nuclear power, the Constitution of Japan, the militarization, the Japan-US alliance.
Sergey Ivanov, junior research assistant, Department for International Relations and Security Studies, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article raises an issue of physical and symbolic participation of state in cooperation between economic agents of Russia and China. Key points are focused on questions of politicization and bureaucratization of economic agenda, efficiency of state control, Russian state policy in trade and economic cooperation with China.
Key words: Russia, China, state, bureaucracy, economic cooperation, cross-border cooperation.
Vitaly Boldyrev, graduate student of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
In the last quarter of the twentieth century one of the main areas of U.S. foreign policy is to spread democracy, which was successfully implemented in relation to South Korea. The paper considers the role of U.S. policy in the South Korean government's turn to democracy, identifies its methods and its impact on the situation in South Korea.
Key words: United States, South Korea, the spread of democracy, human rights, economic methods, military-political methods, diplomatic methods.
PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE RUSSIAN PACIFIC
A.S. Vaschuk, S.G. Kovalenko. The problems of modernization and the Far East businessmen’s attitude towards them (some of the results of the research project)
Angelina Vaschuk, Dr. Sc. (History), head of the Dept. of Social and Political Studies of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography, Vladivostok.
Svetlana Kovalenko, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher at the Department of Social and Political Studies of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography, Vladivostok.
The article addresses the state of modern business in the Russian Far East as a driving force for modernization transformations in the framework of theoretical concepts of J. Schumpeter, D. Lerner and A. Schutz. On the basis of the underlying Hyde interviews conducted in 2012-2013 in Primorye and Sakhalin it analyzes the views of businessmen on the challenges of modernization, including those that limit their activities, as well as summarizes their experience.
Key words: modernization, transformation, small and medium enterprise, the Russian Far East.
Yu.N. Kovalevskaya, L.A. Krushanova. The beginning of business activities in the Far East of Russia in 1960s — early 1990s: From «flea market» to the market
Yulia Kovalevskaya, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher at the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
Larissa Krushanova, Cand. Sc. (History), researcher at the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
This article analyzes the various forms of business activities and the reaction to them of the state in the late Soviet and post-Soviet periods. Business activities are seen as a legal / illegal social institution and a part of everyday life. The authors believe that the state has failed to create an institutional environment that is conducive to the development of small businesses, although it declared its social importance.
Key words: Russian Far East, speculators, black-marketeers, co-operators, businessmen, economic crime, everyday practice.
Anastasia Konyahina, associate researcher at the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
The article highlights some of the social problems and issues, actualized in the late Soviet and post-Soviet period due to civil activity in the south of the Far East. We investigate the mood and well-being of the population as a whole, as well as requests from the authorities among national, professional groups, political organizations.
Key words: civic participation, social movement, social protest, public opinion.
ARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOGRAPHY, CULTURE
E.O. Hakimova. The contribution of the Soviet-Mongolian historical and cultural expedition to the study of the Bronze and Iron Ages of Mongolia
Elvira Hakimova, postgraduate, Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude.
The article examines the history of the study of the monuments of bronze and early iron age of Mongolia in the period of Soviet-Mongolian historical and cultural expedition (late 1960s - late 1980s). The contribution of archaeologists and anthropologists of the USSR in the formation of the source fund is analyzed, and their role in the interpretation of the material is indicated.
Key words: historiography, archaeological monuments, Bronze and early Iron Age, Mongolia, the Soviet-Mongolian historical and cultural expedition.
Nina Leshchenko, researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article examines the archaeological material obtained as a result of 30 years of research of the ancient town Kraskinskoe that has become a sample of Bohai culture in Primorye. The author depicts the peculiarities of the inhabitants' artifacts for the first time as well as comprehensively reconstructs the people's life.
Key words: the State of Bohai, the ancient town Kraskinskoe, culture of daily life.
Yu.V. Latushko, I.V. Stavrov. A comparative study of the socio-economic development of Hechzhe in China and the indigenous peoples of southern part of Russian Far East
Yuri Latushko, Cand. Sc. (History), a senior fellow at the Center of political anthropology, IHAE FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Ivan Stavrov, Cand. Sc. (History), a researcher at the Department of Chinese Studies, IHAE FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article is devoted to a comparative study of the socio-economic situation of the indigenous peoples of the Amur-Sakhalin ethnographic area (primarily Nanai). At the heart of the paper are Russian and Chinese historical, ethnographic, legal sources, field materials of Yu. Latushko, including some standardized interviews. The authors come to the conclusion that indigenous peoples have similar development trends, as well as some specifics. Despite the better preservation of the language and traditional culture of the indigenous peoples of the Amur Russia over Hechzhe (China), the latter is characterized by a higher level of life satisfaction.
Key words: social anthropology, ethnosociology, Sinology, social history, demography, indigenous peoples, Russia, China, Amur River, Hechzhe, Nanai, comparative studies.
V.V. Podmaskin. Reflection of the Slavic epic tradition in folklore of indigenous peoples of the Far East of Russia (XVII—XX centuries)
Vladimir Podmaskin, Dr. Sc. (History), chief researcher at the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The paper investigates the influence of Russian culture on the folklore of indigenous peoples of the Far East of Russia. It considers the changes in the system of traditional genres and reveals new historical realities that have had an impact on the ethno-cultural identity of the indigenous people of the region.
Key words: Russian Far East, aboriginals, Russians, historical and cultural ties, folklore.
Andrei Zabiyako, Dr. Sc. (Philosophy), Amur State University, Blagoveshchensk.
Anna Zabiyako, Dr. Sc. (Plilology), Amur State University, Blagoveshchensk.
This article examines the historical experience of imprinting of the Civil War in the Far East in the work of expatriate writers. Harbin is regarded as the cultural center where the Russians tried to preserve their traditions and restore the image of the lost motherland, as well as the city that granted them the chance to stay Russian and survive, as far as possible, the outcome of the tragedy. It analyzes the works of Aleksei Achair, Arseny Nesmelov, Leonid Eschin, Marianna Kolosova and other expatriate writers, whose works shown the spiritual world of the Russian people, for which China became a second home.
Key words: the Civil War, China, Russia, emigration, Russian culture, spiritual experience, ethnicity, ethnic and cultural identity.
Yu.M. Zaitsev, S.S. Bliznichenko. Orest Solonnikov, organizer of the naval defense of the Far East of the USSR in 1932—1937
Yury Zaitsev, Cand. Sc. (History), Associate Prof. of the Pacific Naval Institute of the Center for Naval Research, Naval Academy, Vladivostok.
Sergei Bliznichenko, Cand. Sc. (Technical), Kuban State Technical University, Krasnodar.
The article reveals the official activity of one of the construction supervisors of Pacific Fleet (PF), the Chief of Staff of the Far East Naval Forces Orest Solonnikov, in the Far East borders marine defense.
Key words: defense of the Far East, the Pacific Fleet, construction of coastal defense, base construction.
G.N. Romanova. On the centenary of the sinologist Fedor Solovyev
O.I. Sergeev. Urbanization in the Far East of Russia (based on a scientific conference)
V.V. Kozhevnikov. Scientific collaboration of scientists from Russia and Japan continues
I.V. Stavrov. International scientific conference “Russia and China: Dialogue of Civilizations” (Harbin, September 21—22, 2013)
S.A. Ivanov. Experts on Europe and the Asia-Pacific region met in Irkutsk