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CONTENTS

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Alexander Ivanov, Cand. Sc. (History), Associate Professor of the Korean Language Department, FESUH, Khabarovsk.
On signing the Beijing Treaty by Qing China and the Russian government in 1860 the decisions concerning the border delimitation and territorial jurisdiction were adopted without Koreas participation. The article traces the history of frontier relations after conclusion of the treaty and for the first time divulges the views of a number of the researchers from South Korea on the illegality of the Beijing Treaty that defined the Sino-Russo-Korean border.
Key words: border dispute, the Russo-Korean border, territorial controversies, the Beijing Treaty, the Tumen (Tumenjiang) River.
Vladimir Pushkarev, Senior Lecturer, Department of Humanities of Amur State Medical Academy, Blagoveshchensk.
The publication is devoted to the adaptation of the Amur emigrant Cossacks in China. It considers the features of the Amur Cossacks settling and the formation of their cultural and community lifestyle abroad in 19201940s. The particular attention is paid to the individual destinies. The material studied leads to the conclusion that the Amur emigrant Cossacks have managed to maintain their cultural individuality in terms of exile.
Key words: the far-eastern emigration, China, Amur Cossacks, foreign villages, the Cossack associations.
Angelina Moreva, an applicant in the General History Department of Kaluga State University named after K. Tsiolkovskiy, Kaluga.
The article researches Singapore dwellers perception of the Japanese occupation in 19421945 based on Lee Kuan Yews recollections and some other sources. The author focuses on the little known facts of crime by the Japanese militarism and also proves that the war could not slow down the citys-states development.
Key words: World War II, Singapore, W. Churchill, the Japanese occupation, the prime ministers Lee Kuan Yew recollections.
Vladimir Kozhevnikov, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher, IHAE FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article studies the problems of the Russian-Japanese bilateral relations in 2012 the beginning of 2013. It considers the causes for the Japanese prime ministers S. Abe visit to Moscow at the end of April 2013, as for the first in the last ten years. It also focuses on the positions of the parties in the course of the visit as well as the assessment to the summit conference in both countries and abroad. The author highlights the contradictions of views on the solution of the territorial issues and concluding a peace treaty and anticipates further development of these relations.
Key words:international relations, foreign policy, Russia, Japan, bilateral political relations, terri-torial issue.

RUSSIAS PACIFIC: HISTORY AND CONTEMPORARY PERIOD
Anastasiya Yarzutkina, Cand. Sc. (History), researcher of the Northeast Complex Research Institute named after N. Shilo, FEB RAS, Anadyr.
The publication describes the range of goods used in the exchange among Russian and foreign traders and the indigenous people of Chukotka. The items are considered in the context of their value for a human and as expression of cultural and social interaction among traders. The author has made a preliminary categorization of the items to be exchanged among the American, Russian traders and the indigenous people of Chukotka. The author also gives analysis of important processes in the development of trade relations: the inclusion of certain industrial products into the culture and economy of the indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the transformation of significant items of traditional culture into commodities. It is also concluded that the use of economic and ethnographic approach to the study of corporeal space of commerce reveals the influence of worldviews on the economic behavior of the owners in the trading process and motivation in the decision to buy or sell the goods.
Key words: an item in culture, economy, ethnography, trade, exchange, commodities, the indigenous people of Chukotka, American traders, Russian merchants.
Svetlana Lazareva, Cand. Sc. (History), the senior researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article deals with the problem of orphanage in the context of historical development of the Russian Far East in the post-reform period. It discloses the reasons promoted the worsening of this problem in the second half of XIX early XX century. The paper also gives analysis of the mechanisms of the social support to orphans and their effectiveness during the research period.
Key words: the Far East, orphanage, homelessness, care and guardianship, child care institutions, boarding schools, orphanages.
Svetlana Beloglazova, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article discusses the issues of reforming the regional educational system at an early stage of the Soviet modernization of the Far East. The object of the study is to identify the main trends of the reform since the abolition of the Far Eastern republic and inclusion of its territory in Soviet Russia (November 1922) to the year 1928 inclusively (before the beginning of the great change). The geographical scope includes the territory of the entire Far East.
Key words: education reform, unified labor school, vocational education, national schools, the Far East.
Andrey Polutov, Cand. Sc. (History), researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The paper reveals the radio intelligence work of the Japanese Kwantung Army against the Soviet Far East in 19321945 based on Japanese archival documents for the first time being introduced to the scientific workflow in Russia.
Key words: radio intelligence, decoding, ciphers, codes, the Kwantung Army, the Soviet Union, the Far East, Japan.

ARCHAEOLOGY
Nikolay Klyuev, Cand. Sc. (History), Head of the Primitive Archaeology Department, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Alexander Ivliev, and. Sc. (History), the senior researcher of the Medieval Archaeology Department, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article depicts and analyzes the designing and structural features of a unique architectural complex in the early medieval town Koksharovka-1 in Primorye. The authors prove that this was constructed under the influence of Bohai monumental architecture.
Key words: the era of the early Middle Ages, Primorye, ancient town Koksharovka-1, architectural complex.
Nadezhda Artemyeva, Cand. Sc. (History), Head of the Medieval Archaeology Department, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article considers the issues related to the finding and studying the ancient town Shaiginskoe. It was found for the first time by the mining engineer D. Ivanov in 1891, however, the research commenced only in 1963 and has been conducted under E. Shavkunovs supervision for 30 years. A long term research proved the ancient town Shaiginskoe to be a medieval town with a large population, as well as major regional administrative and economic center of the Eastern Xia (Sia) state.
Key words: the ancient town Shaiginskoe, archaeology, fortification, a medieval town, topography, Primorye, the Far East.

ETHNOGRAPHY, CULTURE
Lidiya Fetisova, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher of the IHAE FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The author examines the genre structure of the Tungus-Manchurian peoples narrative folklore, reveals its genetic similarity, as well as the peculiarity of traditional heritage of different ethnoses and ethnic groups due to interaction with the culture of neighboring nations.
Key words: the Tungus-Manchurian peoples, narrative folklore, genre structure, cultural feature, traditions, distribution area, cross-cultural interaction.
Elena Jambaltarova, Cand. Sc. (History), custodian, Museum of Buryat Scientific Centre of SD RAS, Ulan-Ude.
The publication represents the attempt of the interpretation of the ritual object with the skull of the bear of the Fofonovsky cemetery in the context of archaeological materials of the neolith the bronze age of the Baikal region. The analysis of the received results allowed to assume that the studied object is the evidence of existence of the bear cult at the ancient population of the South-Eastern Pribaikalye in the early Neolithic.
Key words: Baikal region, South-Eastern Pribaikalye, early Neolithic, Fofonovsky cemetery, ritual object, the Bear Feast.
Galina Andriets, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article gives analysis of the ball ceremony as one of the generally accepted forms of cultural activities among the Far Eastern dwellers in the second half of 19th the early 20th century. It also notes a special role and importance of masquerade and dancing party.
Key words: culture, leisure, spare time, the ball ceremony, masquerade, masquerade dancing party.

INFORMATION SOCIETY
Alexander Gerasimenko, Cand. Sc. (History), Head of the Information Technology Department, IHAE FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The author analyzes the processes of penetration of the global information network into the Far Eastern dwellers life. The author also reveals the development tendencies for the infrastructure, growing influence of the network in different fields of human activities as well as shows the regional characteristics of the network societys formation.
Key words: Internet, network society, virtual space, the global network, the Russian Far East, information, communications.

INFORMATION
Igor Sleptsov, Junior researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Yana Piskareva, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Irina Gridasova, Laboratory assistant, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The paper presents the results of the Mohe habitation study of the ancient multilayer site Kordon-drovyanik. The relevance of the research work is caused by a low level of scrutiny of the early medieval sites of the north-eastern coast of Primorye. The analysis of the ceramic material and construction features allows to pre-date this to the second half of the VIIVIII-th centuries A.D.
Key words: the early Middle Ages, Primorye, the ancient site Kordon-drovyanik, the Mohe habitation, ceramic complex.
Stanislav Prokopets, Cand. Sc. (History), junior researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
A large number of ironclad plates were found on the territory of the Primorsky region. Such kind of findings provides an opportunity not only to reconstruct the ancient armor but also to study the manufacturing traditions that the author attempts to identify according to the typological line.
Key words: The Jurchen peoples, armor plate, armature, typological line.

SCIENCE NEWS
O. Dyakova, S. Vasilenko. The 17th scientific conference of the researchers of Korean studies from Russia and CIS countries: Korea: history lessons and the challenges of the present
V. Makarenko. Round-table meeting on occasion of E. Shchagins the 80th anniversary
Zh. Bazhenova, A. Savchenko. The 42nd annual academic session of IHAE FEBRAS

IN MEMORIAM
In memory of A. Borodin

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