H. Kimura. Disparity between Rhetoric and Reality: What must Moscow do to develop the Russian Far East?
Hiroshi Kimura, Ph. D., Professor Emeritus, Hokkaido University and currently visiting professor at Takushoku University, Tokyo, Japan.
The article considers the policy of the federal center and the program documents aimed at the development of the Far East.
Key words: Far East Russia, the development of the region, Asia-Pacific.
Vladimir A. Grinyuk, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher at the Centre for studies of Japan of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies, RAS, Moscow.
The article deals with some tragic events in the history of Japan’s relations with the other countries (Russia, China and the Korean peninsula) being an echo in the peoples’ memory and having formed a negative background for the development of international ties. The purpose of the publication is to show the way of interpretation of the facts of history becoming the subject of heated ideological struggle and its affecting the states’ national security.
Key words: Russian-Japanese war of 1904—1905, Neutrality Pact between the USSR and Japan, responsibility for wars of aggression, colonial domination of Japan in respect of Korea.
V. G. Datsyshen. Japanese refugees in the Trans-Baikal Territory in 1932. From the history of the Soviet-Japanese relations
Vladimir G. Datsyshen, Dr. Sc. (History), Head of Department of General History at the Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk.
The article is devoted to important but little-known page in the history of Russian-Japanese relations. In autumn 1932 more than two hundred Japanese people, mostly women and children, were evacuated to the Soviet territory, the station Matsievskaya in the Trans-Baikal region, from the border regions of Manchuria covered by the anti-Japanese uprising. Owing to the Soviet diplomats the Japanese civilians were saved from the wrath of the rebels, and the local Russian authorities provided the evacuees with the necessaries to survive in the harsh environment of the Siberian winter.
Key words: Japanese refugees, Russian-Japanese relations, Su Binjwen’s revolt, the Trans-Baikal Territory, Manchukuo.
L. N. Garusova, L. L. Larina. The United States and Russia in the modern world: views of the Russians and Americans
Larisa N. Garusova, Dr. Sc. (History), senior researcher of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok, professor at Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service.
Liliya L. Larina, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The paper examines the main characteristics of international image of the United States and Russia as well as the Russian and American peoples. The authors give analysis and comparison of the Russians’ and Americans’ perception of major foreign policy threats. The article gives a particular attention to the contemporary public opinion by the Russian dwellers of the Far East with regard to America.
Key words: USA, Russia, the Russian Far East, international image, public opinion.
Vitaliy Eu. Boldyrev, Postgraduate student of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The paper deals with the U.S. policy toward the countries of East Asia at the time when Washington began to pursue it focusing on long-term goals and objectives. It also gives analysis of the specificity of formation of the East Asian republican governments and the feature of functional orientation of regional policy.
Key words: United States, foreign policy, East Asia, economy, security, humanitarian direction, diplomacy.
Anna V. Boyarkina,Senior lecturer of the Department of Professionally Oriented Translation FEFU, Vladivostok.
The author gives analysis of China’s new model of international relations based on harmonization of ties with the neighboring countries and regions. Recently a series of visits made by the leaders of China have reflected the unprecedented depth and wide range of neighbourliness, friendship and cooperation, the interpenetration of interests of China and the Asia Pacific countries.
Key words: a new model of China’s international relations, the new diplomacy, harmonic international relations, socio-economic development, “creative participation”.
I. S. Zhuschikhovskaya, Yu. V. Kulikova. Russian-Japanese scientific relations in the context of international communication (to the problem)
Irina S. Zhuschikhovskaya, Dr. Sc. (History), IHAE, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Yulia V. Kulikova, Head of Protocol and Cooperation Department at the Maritime State University named after Admiral G. Nevelskoy, Vladivostok.
The authors consider possible approaches to the analysis and evaluation of Russian-Japanese scientific relations from the point of the theory of the intercultural communication developed in the contemporary studies of culture. The paper highlights methodological and organizational aspects of communications. The authors examine the mindset and ethnopsychological portrait of culture among the most important factors in the intercultural communication in the field of science. Theoretical positions are supported by the examples of the cultural constants’ manifestations in methodological and organizational aspects of Russian-Japanese communication in the field of science.
Key words: Russia, Japan, Russian-Japanese scientific relations, culture, intercultural communication, mindset, ethnic psychology.
RUSSIA’S PACIFIC: HISTORY AND CONTEMPORARY PERIOD
N. P. Kradin, D. S. Maslennikova. Traditions and regional peculiarity of Spassky Monastery in Yakutia
Nikolay P. Kradin, Doctor of Architecture, corresponding member of RAACS, professor at PNU, Khabarovsk.
Diana S. Maslennikova, Candidate of Architecture, associate professor at PNU, Khabarovsk.
The article realizes historical and architectural reconstruction of the main stages in the formation of the Yakut Spassky Monastery. The purpose of the study is to reveal the most characteristic principles of organization in its internal space due to a succession of ancient monastic traditions of architecture as well as the features of regional construction conditions. The study of the ensemble of the monastery is based on the analysis of its planning structure, spatial composition, artistic and stylistic qualities of the building and the functional components of the scope of the monastery.
Key words: architectural-planning scheme, architectural view of the ensemble, vertical accent, decorative style, the defence fortifications, the monastery equipment.
I. A. Trutnev. The political and administrative elite of the Primorsky Territory: Recruitment features (1993—2011)
Ivan A. Trutnev, Postgraduate student of Philosophy Dept. of the Far-Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok.
The article considers the principles, channels and mechanisms of the political and administrative elite of the Primorsky Territory from 1993 to 2011. It places an emphasis on the legislative branch of the government composed in 1995—2011 according to criteria such as age, sex, education, social position. The paper also reveals and compares the main features of the elite during the reign of two governors: E. Nazdratenko (1993—2001) and S. Darkin (2001—2011).
Key words: political and administrative elite, the regional political elite, the Primorsky Territory, political recruitment.
ARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY
Yana Eu. Piskareva, Cand. Sc. (History), researcher at the Centre of Political Anthropology of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The author gives the results of the analysis of materials from the excavation 2 (1962) on the settlement Blue Rocks. The burned house was investigated in the northern area of the excavation, the part of findings in which was under the obstruction of the wooden beams, and a closed complex has formed, as a result. Peculiarities of the potteries and other findings have allowed to pre-date the house to the period of the early Iron Age.
Key words: archaeology, the Iron Age, pottery, complex.
G. P. Turmov, Ya. R. Zinberg. Visual anthropology of life of North-East Asia’s peoples in the late XIX — early XX centuries
Gennadiy P. Turmov, Doctor of Technics, professor, co-adviser to the rector of the Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok.
Yakov R. Zinberg, Professor at the University Kokushikan, Tokyo (Japan).
Visual Anthropology continues to actively evolve, posing multiple challenges and seeking its own unique position, both as the theoretical and the applied scholarly discipline. The article reviews evolution of Visual Anthropology, stressing in particular that its interdisciplinary character might be viewed as both the highly unique and positive feature and, at the same time, as the outstanding shortcoming standing in need of further elaboration in search for an appropriate definition of the discipline per se. The lack of precision as it applies to defining Visual Anthropology’s enormous application sphere leads to ever growing confusion in terms of a popular comprehension of the discipline’s meaning among the public. Concentrating critical attention on the issue of Visual Anthropology’s role in illuminating living conditions of Northeast Asian inhabitants during the designated period of time, the article discusses in greater detail the phenomenon of “philocardia” in an attempt to single out in particular the beneficial contribution of postal cards.
Key words: visual anthropology, artifacts, USA, photos, videos and film art, cultural and historical heritage, “philocardia”, greeting cards, open letters, postcards, Japan, China, Korea.
T. Yu. Sem. Reflection of appropriating and producing economics in the cults and rituals of the peoples of the Amur River region and Primorsky Territory in XI—XIV centuries
Tatyana Yu. Sem, Cand. Sc. (History), senior researcher at the Department of Ethnography of the Peoples of Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Ethnographic Museum, St. Petersburg.
The author describes the customs and rituals of the medieval population of Manchuria and the Russian Far East (Jurchen and their ancestors — the Tungusic peoples) associated with the cult of water, taiga, heaven, earth, the sun, a bird of prey (falcons), animals (tiger, bear, horse, dog, pig).
Key words: customs, rituals, the Middle Ages, Jurchen, cults of nature and animals.
N. A. Kluyev, I. V. Gridasova. Site Barabash-3: New aspects in the study of Yankovskaya archaeological culture in Primorye
Nikolai A. Kluyev, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of Peoples of Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok
Irina V. Gridasova, post-graduate student, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of Peoples of Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The results of studying of basic complex being excavated in 2007—2011 at new many-layers site of Primorye — Barabash-3 are resumed in the article. The authors have come to the conclusion there was a specialized settlement for metal-working (iron processing) at this place in Early Iron Age. The analysis of archaeological material and carbon dating obtained from the site let the authors refer the site to the late period of existence of Yankovskaya culture.
Key words: Primorye, Early Iron Age, Yankovskaya Archaeological Culture, late chronological period, metal-working.
INVITATION TO DISCUSSION
Nikolay P. Ryabchenko, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The author comprehends the cultural security as prevention or minimization of adverse impacts on human and society by the channels of culture. The paper considers this problem in relation to the main cultural activities of a human.
Key words: culture, cultural security of Russia.
Anatoliy F. Startsev, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The Soviet ethnographic literature states that in the XVII century the ethnic basis of the Uilta of Sakhalin were the Okhotsk Evenks. Studies of the Evenks, Evens, Uilta and other peoples of the Okhotsk coast and the Amur region made by M. Levin indicate that anthropological characteristics of the Evenks and Evens have significant differences, while the Evens and Uilta are very similar. The article proves that in the XVII century the basis of the ethnicity Uilta were not Evenks but Evens.
Key words: ethnicity, the Uilta, the Evenks, the Evens, culture, the Baikal type, region, the Okhotsk coast, Sakhalin.
I. Zolotukhin. The Asia-Pacific region as the cradle of a new bipolarity
A. Massov. Pilipinas muna! The Philippines first of all!
N. Kradin. The architects of Khabarovsk (1858—2013)
G. Karetina, Lee Zhengjun. Marshal’s Mansion Museum in Shenyang