THE 65TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FOUNDATION OF PRC
Victor Larin, Dr. Sc. (History), Professor, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article analyses today Russia-China regional and cross-border relations as one of real platforms ready to support and speed up the process of Russia integration in APR. The author claims that as if Moscow understands the real importance of these relations for Russia future development it will have the ability to utilize a huge Pacific Russia potential more effectively in order to solve geo-political and economic problems Russia has in the region.
Key words: Pacific Russia, China, cross-border relations, Far East development.
Larisa N. Garusova, Dr. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Professor of Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok.
The paper examines the modern relations of the USA, Russia and China in the Asia Pacific region. The main U.S. foreign policy interests are concentrated in China - Russia's nearest neighbor and partner in the Asia Pacific region. U.S. policy toward Russia and the Russian Far East is also determined by the "China's factor". In turn, the Russian government is confident that cooperation with China will contribute to socio-economic development of Siberia and the Russian Far East. In light of recent developments in Ukraine, Russia's confrontation with the USA will have serious political and economic repercussions and North-East Asia may finally become Russia's most important partner.
Key words: U.S. foreign policy, Russian Far East, Asia Pacific region, "China's factor", cooperation, confrontation, stability, security.
O.N. Risukhina. Development of cultural relations of the Russian Far East and Northeast China (mid 80s of XX century — beginning of XXI century)
Olga Risukhina, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The author analyzes the development of cultural relations of the Russian Far East and Northeast China since their revival in the mid 80s. Highlights key points that contribute to this development and ask him direction, such as the conclusion of an agreement between the governments of Russia and China on cultural cooperation from 18.12.1992, the construction of cross-border cultural corridor in the PRC, etc. Further implementation of the cultural relations of Russia and China in the border regions the author examines based on the "Memorandum on the implementation of the Action Plan for the development of Russian-Chinese cooperation in the humanitarian sphere", which was signed in Moscow on December 6, 2012.
Key words: Russia, China, the Russian Far East, Northeast China, cultural ties.
Alexandra I. Labyuk, Postgraduate student of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article considers some problems of the financial policy in China. It reviews the key factors that affect RMB internationalization process. The paper gives analysis of Chinese policy's main vectors toward the rise of the RMB. It also constants some features of economic circumstances and political situation in China in 2013.
Key words: China, monetary policy, economy, renminbi, RMB internationalization, reserve currency.
Dmitry A. Izotov, PhD in Economics, Senior Research Fellow, Economic Research Institute, FEB RAS, Khabarovsk.
Ekaterina L. Motrich, Dr. Sc. (Economics), Chief Researcher, Economic Research Institute, FEB RAS, Khabarovsk.
The authors showed that the combination of the urbanization process with the policy of birth control in China promotes aging of the Chinese population, cost of labor and the growth of the qualitative characteristics of the workforce, and its shortages in some sectors of the Chinese economy. The authors determined that the main vector of interregional migration in China is moving from the inner regions to the coastal agglomerations with a high level of welfare. The study revealed that the exhaustion of cheap young labor force in rural areas of China, due to its outflow into the city and narrowed reproduction of the population, in the long term will cause the reduction of internal migration and the growth of imports of cheap labor from developing Asian countries in major Chinese coastal cities. In accordance with the trend of external migration, migrants from China prefer mainly developed countries, which have a standard of living higher than in China. It was proved that Russia for the Chinese people is not a priority destination for migration and it continues to lose its advantage. The authors conclude that in the long term the mass migration of the Chinese population in Russia is unlikely.
Key words: migration, urbanization, region, politics of fertility, population, labor force, wages, GDP, China, Russia.
Alexander Danshin, Ph. D. in Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of Kemerovo branch Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Kemerovo.
The article acquaints with the unpublished large research on the history of law of traditional China of M.D. Khrapovitsky's (1823-1860), the participant of the thirteenth Russian spiritual mission in Beijing and also with the unknown facts of his life.
Key words: history of law, traditional China, the Russian spiritual mission in Beijing, M.D. Khrapovitsky.
HISTORY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Ludmila Gallyamova, Institute of history, archaeology and ethnography of the peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article analyzes regional historic literature dedicated to the history of the Far East of Russia during the period of First World War. Attention is focused on the most important problems of the modern historiography of the subject being reviewed, the article identifies key tendencies and unique aspects of the Far Eastern regional development, shows the results of various studies by the Far Eastern historians on the whole range of problems of the historic evolution of the Far East during the world war (August 1914 - November 1918).
Key words: historiography, Far East, Russia, regional development, First World War, history.
Timur Sh. Umetbaev, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate professor at the Chair of General History, Institute of Humanities, Siberian Federal University.
The article describes the background and the start of the Philippine anti-colonial revolution in 1896 based on the reports of the commander of battleship "Emperor Nicholas I", drawn up by the head of the special task of the naval department of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich.
Key words: Philippines, Felkerzam, the Philippine Revolution, the report, the Spaniards.
Eugene Rubanov, graduate student, Department of General History, School of Humanities, FEFU, Vladivostok.
Currently, in a number of European countries and Russia extreme right-wing and nationalist parties and movements are quickly gaining social popularity. This happens because of the growth of illegal migration, crisis of multiculturalism and attempts to redefine the role of fascism and the results of the World War II. This article discusses the political alternatives to Soviet Marxism in emigre circles of the Russian diaspora in Manchuria during the Japanese occupation. The article examines the history of formation of Russian fascist movement in 1930—1940s and other right-wing movements. The publication also highlights the interaction of Russian nationalist and fascist organizations with the Bureau of the Russian emigration, administration of Manchukuo and the command staff of the Kwantung Army.
Key words: White Emigration, Russian fascism, Russian Fascist Union, BREM (Bureau of the Russian emigration in Manchuria), Manchuria, the Kwantung Army.
Marina Panteleeva, candidate of political sciences, professor of Japanese studies department of the Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok city.
The article is focused on issues of election law and electoral system development in Japan after Meiji restoration in 1869. The article analyzes development of vote act depending on democratic reformations conducted in the country in the XX century. The author emphasizes changes in the electoral system in course of political reform in 1994 and results achieved after mixed electoral system was introduced.
Key words: electoral system, election law, vote act, plurality voting system, pro rata representation, constituencies, house of councilors, house of representatives.
Elena Kolegova, Institute of history, archaeology and ethnography of the peoples of the Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article examines recent trends in territorial disputes between Japan and China over the Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands. At the present day, the situation grows more complicated as Japan insists on its sovereignty over the islands by dissemination of information to the public via Japanese mass media. Japanese journalists express concern about the state policy towards the reorienting and reorganizing of Japan Self-Defense Forces and revising of schoolbooks in order to strengthen Japan government’s position regarding the territorial disputes.
Key words: Japan, China, territorial disputes, mass media, Sino-Japanese relations.
E.S. Martynova. ASEAN and territorial disputes in the South-China Sea: new escalation of an old problem
Elena Martynova, Department of International Affairs of Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow.
It is generally agreed today that Asia-Pacific is a vital center of world economic development and, consequently, a cross-point for interests of key major powers. Many experts believe that we will observe periodic escalation of controversies in the region, especially in the field of security. One should not forget that there are many security problems in the region which has become the battlefield for economic and political influence. Such chronic problems as the tense situation on the Korean peninsula, the Taiwan question, territorial disputes between China and Japan or between China and ASEAN countries may become even worse with a new force at any time. One of the declared goals of ASEAN is to promote peace, stability and sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific. The aim of the article is to analyze the ASEAN role in maintaining peace in the region and to identify the possible prospects of South-China Sea dispute resolution.
Key words: ASEAN, ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the “ASEAN way”, South China Sea, the Paracel Islands, Spratly Islands, US-China relations.
E.A. Maidell-Stevens. Russian-speaking immigrants in New Zealand: problems in socio-cultural adaptation and new identities
Elena Alexandrovna Maidell-Stevens, Ph.D. (Psychology), Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, email@example.com. Translation from English by Kobeleva Polina Petrovna, Ph.D. (Linguistics), The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand, firstname.lastname@example.org.
The article deals with the types of identity among Russian-speaking migrants in New Zealand and based on the series of recorded interviews with them. The focus group is the postsoviet immigrants residing Wellington, the capital of the country.
Key words: Russians, New Zealand, postsoviet emigrants, identity.
Valery Mishin, Head of the Center for Regional Security, Department of International Relations and Security, IHAE, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The paper examines key characteristics of the North Korean nationalism. The author analyzes its features through the notions of “juche” and “songun”. Comparison of definitions of “patriotism” and “internationalism” in Kim Il Song’s and Kim Jong Il’s papers and reports is given.
Key words: North Korea, nationalism, juche, songun, Kim Il Song, Kim Jong Il.
RUSSIA’S PACIFIC: HISTORY AND CONTEMPORARY PERIOD
Svetlana M. Stasyukevich, Ph. D. in history, professor, Far Easten State Agrarian University, Blagoveshchensk.
The article considers the institutional mechanism and methods of calculation of purchasing prices for grain in the Far East under the New Economic Policy. It is shown that the practice of price regulation was aimed at ensuring the profitability of grain procurement for state and cooperative organizations, the profitability of grain exports, affordability for the urban consumer. Economically feasible method of calculating purchase prices proposed Far specialists were not in demand. Because of the desire of the state monopoly position in the grain market opportunities stimulate adequate pricing policy remained unfulfilled.
Key words: new economic policy, price policy, state cooperation, monopoly, grain market, the Far East.
D.A. Safonov. Collective-farm trade in the food supply of the population of the Russian Far East in the early post-war years (1945—1953)
Denis Safonov, leading research associate, Scientific research department of contemporary history of the Khabarovsk Territorial museum after N.I. Grodekov.
In article views the problems of the functioning off arm trading the Russian Far East in the post-war years. Shows the role it play ed in overcoming the post-war short ages and main tenance of the population of the region of basic food stuffs.
Key words: Russian Far East, ñollective-farmtrade, farmers market, taxes, agricultural output.
S.A. Piskunov. Intraregional agricultural resettlement in the Far East of the USSR (late 1940s — 1980s): Policy and Practice.
Sergei Piskunov, doctoral student, Department of recent national history, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow.
The article deals with centralized providing of economies of the Far East with labor force by intraregional migration that gained currency in late 1940s — 1980s and shows the role of state policy in the organization of this element of centralized redistribution of human resources and the specifics of its implementation in terms of demographic transition.
Key words: public policy, intraregional resettlement, migration.
Nikolay Kluyev, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of Peoples of Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
Olga Moreva, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of Peoples of Far East FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
In article materials of excavation of a new archaeological site of Primorye — Risovoye-4 settlements are analyzed. The most important results are received at studying of Neolithic cultural horizons of a site. Two stages of settling in a Middle Neolithic and two stages — in a Late Neolithic are allocated. The obtained data are rather important for understanding of cultural dynamics during an epoch of a Neolithic of Primorye.
Key words: Primorye, Middle Neolithic, Late Neolithic, archaeological cultures, ceramic traditions.
E.V. Sidorenko. Technology of making stone beads in Lidovskaya culture of Paleometal epoch in Primorye
Elena Sidorenko, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Vladivostok.
On materials of two sites of Lidovskay culture of Paleometal epoch of the North East of Primorye there were reconstructed technological process of making stone beads from the starting intermediate product to the ready product. There was used local raw material that was specially extracted from the mines on the river Amgu.
Key words: technology of making stone beads, ancient mines, drilling, Paleometal, Lidovskaya culture of Primorye, Vetrodui, Maximov Cape, Amgu, Sikhote-Alin.
A.V. Garkovik. Archaeological monument at cape Ostrovok Falshivyi (the southern portion of the marine reserve)
Alla Garkovik, Senior Researcher, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article presents the results of archaeological research at ñape Ostrovok Falshivyi (southern portion of the State Marine Biosphere Reserve), which showed that a multilayered archaeological monument is located on the north-eastern slope. Its main material belongs to Yankovskaya archaeological culture. Neolithic artifacts are rare. Partially uncovered remains of a hut with Kan is likely to belong to the Middle Ages. Opening of the complex allows to allocate, along with the previously known, a group of monuments of the late stage of Yankovskaya archaeological culture in southern Primorye.
Key words: ñape Ostrovok Falshivyi, cultural deposits, pit, archaeological material, ceramics, Yankovskaya archaeological culture.
Lydia Fetisova, Cand. Sc. (Philology), Senior Researcher, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article analyzes the different types of East Slavic ballad songs which spread across the southern Russian Far East. Particular attention is paid to archaic forms that have survived to the present day in the Belarusian edition. Far East material obtained by the author in the folklore and ethnographic expeditions, supports the concept of heterogeneity of the genre.
Key words: East Slavic folklore, genre, ballad, variant, version, edition, mythopoetic thinking, a variety of themes.
G.S. Popovkina. Traditional Oriental medicine in the Russian Far East: from the doctor to the clinic
Galina Popovkina, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, FEB RAS, Vladivostok.
The article discusses the phenomenon of traditional oriental medicine in the Russian Far East in the period of settlement of the Slavs and at the present stage, it appears relevant to the eastern European treatments of scientific medicine in the early twentieth century and currently.
Key words: traditional oriental medicine, eastern Slavs, the Far East.
G.A. Andriets. Women’s participation in the cultural life of the cities in the South of Russian Far East (late 19th — early 20th century)
Galina Andriets, Cand. Sc. (History), Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RUS, Vladivostok.
Author analyzes participation of women in the cultural life of Far Eastern cities in the end of 19th — early 20th century, defines their critical in formation of the cultural environment of the region. Particular attention is given to the wives of high-ranking officials and officers.
Key words: women, cultural life, cultural space, concert, performance.
Guo Yucun, Dr. Sc. (History), Harbin Jewish Research Center, Heilongjiang Academy of Social Sciences, Harbin, China.
The article is about cultural activities of the Jews in Harbin (education, press, music, sports, theatre, and art) and their influence on development of the city.
Key words: Jews, Harbin, cultural activities, influence.
E.S. Kubankina. On the issue of organizational coherence of civil society (on example conference “Rio+20”)
Elena Kubankina, postgraduate student of the Far East Federal University, Vladivostok.
Today’s global challenges drive representatives of civil society to unite around the world in their solution. At the same time, this problem is compounded by the absence of common positions on major issues of human development requiring their urgent solutions among representatives of the emerging global civil society. People’s Summit for Social and Environmental Justice was one of the most important attempts of the representatives of civil society to find a consensus on the major issues of our time and to overcome their fragmentation.
Key words: civil society, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, the People’s Summit.
V.N. Chernavskaya. Review of the book “From globalization to global civilization” by N. Ryabchenko
L.I. Gallyamova. The science conference about the significance of Russian Far East and the Pacific countriesat the First World War
Yu.V. Latushko, I.V. Stavrov. “Intercultural communication in the Asia-Pacific region: past & present”: results of the young scientists’ conference